BROOKLYN - A ruling by a federal judge accuses the FDNY of employing discriminatory practices to keep blacks from being hired.

Judge Nicholas Garaufis said in his ruling that the use of written exams was in violation of the Civil Rights Act.

The city's Law Department said it disagreed with the ruling.

"Contrary to the court's opinion, it is the city's view that there is simply no evidence that the city ever intended to discriminate against black applicants," city lawyer Georgia Pestana said in a statement. "Moreover, the decision ignores controlling Supreme Court and Second Circuit law regarding intentional discrimination."

AP wire services were used in this report.